What is a penalty kick – Tips for most effective penalty implementation

Penalties (or Penalty) are one of the fixed situations that have the strongest impact on the outcome of the match. So what is a penalty kick? Why is it of such great value in football? Discover the interesting things surrounding this concept right below New88SG Please.

Get acquainted with the basic concepts: what is a penalty kick?

Once you have watched or even participated in soccer, you have probably heard of the concept of penalties. As a fixed situation at close range, this type of free kick has the highest success rate in practice. So, what is the concept of a penalty kick and why does it have such great influence?

Simple explanation: what is the concept of a penalty kick?

Penalty is a fixed situation in which a player takes a free kick at a distance of 11 meters from the opponent’s goal. In a Penalty kick, there will only be 1 free kick player facing 1 goalkeeper. There will not be any members of either side participating in the free kick except for these two people.

In reality, due to the very close distance of the free kick as well as the lack of protection from the back row, the success rate of a penalty kick is very high. According to GOAL statistics, in professional competitions, up to 94.7% of Penalty phases are converted into goals.

When does a team get a penalty kick?

Understanding what a penalty kick is, the question now will be: when does a team get a penalty kick? According to FIFA’s general regulations, situations where an opposing player commits a foul within the 16m50 area will result in a penalty kick. The most common errors among them include:

  • Foul blocking people, playing badly in the penalty area.
  • The opposing player uses his hands to play the ball, whether accidentally or intentionally.

Note that the foul must occur within 16m50 for a penalty to be awarded. Cases outside the penalty area, even just a little, are still considered a free kick against the fence as usual.

Rules to remember when taking penalty kicks in soccer

In top matches, penalty kicks are a type of fixed situation with extremely high frequency. For this reason, FIFA has announced a whole set of rules on how to take penalty kicks. Below are some of the most basic things that every soccer player needs to know.

What are the regulations when taking penalty kicks?

The first thing to remember before taking a free kick is that the referee needs to point to the penalty spot before the player is allowed to take the ball to the free kick area. After receiving permission from the referee, the team receiving the penalty will only send one player to stand in front of the white dot within the 16m50 penalty area.

At this time, the player taking the penalty and the goalkeeper (possibly the referee) will be the only people present within the 16m50 penalty area. The player taking the penalty kick is allowed to consult with his teammates about wanting to change the shooter, but can only do so for a maximum of 1 minute.
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After locking in the free kick player, all members of both sides must stand approximately 9.15m away from the free kick player. The penalty taker takes a prepared position, waiting for the whistle to give orders from the referee. Once the signal is given, the player starts running and kicks the ball toward the opponent’s goal.

For goalkeepers, they are not allowed to fall or move from their standing position before the referee’s whistle signal. However, in real cases, the goalkeeper often tends to drop his body and prejudge the direction of the free kick.

Penalty violations – how to handle each case

What is a penalty kick – Tips for most effective penalty implementation

Although there are regulations on how to take a penalty kick, in reality there are still a few errors that arise when taking a penalty kick in professional competitions. Below are a few illustrative examples of mistakes in handling free kicks:

  • The defending team makes a mistake before the free kick is taken (aggressive behavior with a player on the other side, or entering the penalty area before the referee’s whistle). If the free kick is successful, the goal will still count. However, if a player misses a free kick, they have the right to shoot again.
  • If the free kick team makes a mistake during the execution, they will have to retake the free kick if the previous kick is successful. In case the previous shot fails, they lose the right to take a free kick and convert it back to a direct free kick for the defending team.
  • If both sides make an error during the penalty kick, the ball will have to be retaken (regardless of whether the previous shot was successful or not).
  • The referee has the right to issue a yellow card to players from both teams if they intentionally waste time and obstruct the free kick.

The most popular 11m penalty kick strategies in professionalism

In general, professional football has many different ways to turn a penalty kick into a goal. Each player taking a shot will have a unique free kick method. However, in general, we can still compile some free kick strategies as follows:

Direct penalty kick to the far corner of the opponent’s goal

Having asked what is the most effective method when taking penalty kicks, we need to immediately think about shots towards the far corner of the goal. In theory, very few goalkeepers can reflect and push the ball out of this area from an 11m shooting distance. Experts have also compiled statistics and tested this theory.

However, a dangerous shot towards the far corner of the goal requires the performer to have very good technique. You need to have the right strength and feel for the ball, because if you kick the ball lightly, the ball will be caught, but if you shoot too hard, the ball will fly out of the goal.

Feign and kick the ball toward the center of the goal

The fake move is something that is often seen in professional players when taking a penalty kick. It distracts the opposing team’s goalkeeper and makes it impossible to predict the direction of the ball to best throw the ball.

One requirement for your fake move to not be caught is that it needs to have high speed. If the performer is not skillful in making feints, it will directly create conditions for the other goalkeeper to successfully judge the direction of the ball.

Kick the ball with light force to “lure” the opponent’s goalkeeper into flying

Another method that penalty takers can consider is to kick the ball with light force to lure the opposing goalkeeper. This free kick method is based on the basis that the goalkeeper of the opposing team will fall to one side, but because the ball is kicked slightly, it will fly after the goalkeeper on the other side has missed the momentum.

However, this method is considered not too satisfactory and is rarely successful in the professional world (where goalkeepers are too experienced in free kicks). Therefore, the two methods mentioned above are already the optimal choice for a penalty kick.


Through the extremely detailed introduction and explanation of what a penalty kick is, we hope that readers have gained a lot of useful knowledge. Wait for more interesting articles about football to be continuously broadcast in this sectionsport of  New88.

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